In 2003, the city of Los Angeles changed the area's official name of South Central Los Angeles to South Los Angeles, hoping to blur collective memories of violence and urban decay. However, since the late 1980's the demography of South Los Angeles has been changing. In 2000, 55% of the residents were Latino while 40% were African-American. This has lead to increased violence, street crimes, gangs, widespread unemployment, and poverty. Those most affected are women and children.